Click hardwood flooring planks are designed for use in multiple locations. Acceptable locations include basements, ground floors or high-rise buildings. Click flooring is made of a wear layer of solid wood lamella mounted under high pressure to produce premium quality flooring. These products are pre-finished under ideal conditions that meet or exceed industry standards.
Where to install and Method to install:
Grade Type | Staple Down | Glue Down | Floating
Above Grade Yes Yes Yes
On Grade Yes Yes Yes
Below Grade No No Yes
Sub-floor Type | Staple Down | Glue Down | Floating
Concrete No Yes Yes
Plywood & OSB Yes Yes Yes
The following is as defined by NWFA Hardwood Flooring Installation Guidelines - Section V for moisture testing:
· Concrete moisture readings are not to exceed 4.5% on Tramex Concrete Moisture Encounter meter.
· Calcium Chloride Test is not to exceed 3 lbs. per 1000 square feet in 24 hours.
Plywood must be CDX-rated at least 3/4” thick. OSB must be 3/4”, PS2 rated, and sealed side face down.
Specific installation with Radiant Heating:
· Click hardwood flooring planks are suitable for radiant heat systems as long as the radiant heated subfloor surface do not exceed 850F (29.50C).
IMPORTANT: Examine each plank carefully. Contact the dealer immediately if the material is not acceptable. Materials installed with visible defects are not covered under warranty. Manufacturer will not assume any responsibility for any materials that have already been installed. The manufacturer will not assume any liability for product damage caused by the use of unsuitable tools or the improper use of materials.
Crucial Points to Remember:
1. Plan your project by making an installation sketch. Determine the installation starting point. Consider if it is one regular-shaped room; a number of rooms with landings; or rooms on one floor, including a hall or main room. Think about how to get the most out of your budget. If in doubt, ask your dealer for advice.
2. Choose the floor plank direction. It is strongly recommended that you install boards at a 450 or 900 angle to the joist direction. This is NOT applicable for installation on concrete.
3. Take precautions at all times not to damage the finish. For example, place tools on a protective mat during installation. Vacuum or sweep floor frequently to eliminate sawdust and abrasives. Do not use vacuums with beater bars or hard plastic attachments.
4. Before starting installation, cut the bottom moldings around door frames to insert the floor planks underneath. Leaving an expansion joint is necessary. This allows the wood to react to changes in ambient humidity. The expansion joint will be hidden by wood flooring moldings such as T-molding, quarter round, etc. Moldings will be nailed to the walls and not the floor.
5. Clean your floor with products like Bona Hardwood Floor Polish after installation, this will remove any hair-like scratches you may have caused during the installation or due to transportation.
Laying the floor should be the last step of your installation. Prior to the delivery of your flooring, make sure that:
· The jobsite is properly enclosed, with all doors and windows installed
· Installation site are climate controlled at all time with relative humidity (RH) at 35 to 60% and temperature between 65 to 850F (18.3 to 29.50C)
· Concrete, plaster, paint and the sub-floor are completely dry (Always measure!)
· Any depressions in the sub-floor should not exceed 1/8" (3.17 mm) and the floor must be level not to exceed 1/8" over a 6’ length (1860 mm)
· Flooring planks has been at the jobsite for at least 3 days
· The surface must be clean and free of all debris. Remove any glue residue and/or staples and drive in any protruding nails.
· Install your floor under good lighting conditions
· The sub-floor (plywood or OSB) moisture content should not exceed 12%. The difference in moisture between the sub-floor and floor planks should not be greater than 4%. Do not carry out the installation when condition not met.
· Wooden sub-floors must be securely screwed down to joists to prevent any movement or squeaking. Inspect the existing subfloor and replace any subfloor that exhibits signs of water damage or structural weakness.
· The floor of the crawl space (if there is one) is completely covered by 6-8 mil black polyethylene film and has had adequate cross ventilation.
· Moisture readings must not exceed 4.5% with a moisture meter for concrete (Tramex Moisture Encounter) as defined by NWFA (National Wood Flooring Association).
· In the presence of moisture, perform a calcium chloride test. The moisture level measured using the calcium chloride test must not exceed 3 lb/1,000 sq. ft. /24 hours. If the reading exceeds 3 lb. but is below 7 lb., install a waterproof membrane such as Bostik MVP or equivalent.
IMPORTANT: When it comes to floor installation, moisture is an important element that should be emphasized. The installer and the homeowner are jointly responsible for checking the subfloor moisture content. If the moisture content is too high, installation of flooring must be postponed. Never install a hardwood floor on a wooden sub-floor if a moisture test reading exceeds 12%. Any responsibility for failures or deficiencies related to job site quality is declined by the manufacturer.
Once you are ready to install your floor planks, open a case to check that product species, grade, color, size and quality are correct. If everything is in order, then open several cartons of flooring at the same time for installation. This will allow you to balance plank length, color and variations in the grain of the wood. This will ensure that planks can be arranged to reflect a homogenous floor covering.
Please advise your dealer immediately if any problems occur. Our in-house installation team could be contracted to take over the installation if required.
IMPORTANT: Prior to installing the floor, the installer and the homeowner must ensure that the installation site and sub-floor meet the conditions in this document. The installer and the homeowner are responsible for inspecting floor planks prior to installing them. Depending on the type of installation, you may also need special moldings for your floor such as nosing and reducer strips. Installer is responsible to ensure the proper selection and installation of molding pieces.
Click hardwood flooring planks are suitable for floating installation at any grade level. This includes above grade, on grade or even below grade onto a concrete sub-floor, wood sub-floor, ceramic tiling, or linoleum with proper site preparation.
· Chalk Reel
· Expansion Spacer
· Hand Saw
IMPORTANT: Floating Installation is where the floors planks are joined together but are not attached to either the sub-floor or the wall and thus are suspended on the sub-floor. Floating installation method allows more movement on the floors and thus is more potential for squeaking or cracking sound to develop when stepped on. Manufacturer declines warranty on squeaking or cracking sound due to floating installation when vertical movement exist.
Preparing and leveling the sub-floor:
· Please refer back to Job Site Preparation.
· If below grade, you must lay a 6-mil Polyfilm (if your underlaayment doesn't include a vapor barrier) with seams overlapping 8" (200 mm) in addition to 2-in-1 underlayment.
· Fasten Polyfilm seams every 18" to 24"(450 to 600 mm) with duct tape or poly tape.
· Run 4" (100 mm) of poly-film up against the perimeter of wall.
· Lay foam underlayment by butting edges and then duct tape the full length of the seam.
Floating Installation Step by Step:
· The sub-floor should be free from any surface defect. If it is not, fill gaps with leveling material designed for your subfloor type.
· Cut out imperfections in plank or place them in less visible areas.
· Lay out a layer of 6 mil Polyfilm (only if your underlayment doesn’t have a vapor barrier) and a layer of foam underlayment OR 2-in-1 foam underlayment.
· Run 4” of the Polyfilm (if your underlayment doesn’t have a vapor barrier) up against the perimeter walls.
· Use chalk line to trace starting line with ½” expansion joint at the side and ¼” at row ends.
· Place expansion spacer every 12” along all walls to prevent movement during installation.
· Open several carton of floor planks and lay out 4 to 5 rows of planks ahead of time. Choose planks so that they match in terms of woodgrains and color of your choice.
· Install 1st plank along the starting line with the tongue facing out.
· Place the second plank tight to the short end of the first one.
· Fold down with a single action movement.
· At the end of the first row put a spacer to the wall and measure the length of the last plank to fit.
· Cut hardwood floor plank with circular saw face turned down OR with a hand saw with the hardwood face turned up.
· Proceed with installing second row. Place the floor plank tight to the short end of the previous plank and fold it down in a single action movement.
· After 2 to 3 rows, adjust the distance to the back wall by placing more spacer.
· The minimum distance between end joints of planks in parallel rows should not be less than 6” (150 mm).
· Plank on the last row and the first row must be in a minimum width of 2” (50mm).
· Remember to include expansion gap of ½” from the wall.
· Cut the plank lengthwise and glue the short ends.
· Complete installation with moldings. Any molding must be fixed to the wall, never to the floor.
Disassembling (without the use of tools):
Click floor planks can be easily disassembled by proper method. This allows for replacement during installation and also during use.
· Separate the whole row by carefully lifting up and slightly knocking just above the joint.
· Fold up and release the whole long-side.
· Disassemble the panels by sliding horizontally (from side to side).
· Do not fold up.
· Installation at radiators: Drill the holes 1” larger than the diameter of the pipes.
· Horizontal installation: Cut off the locking element with a hand saw and push the planks horizontally together. If necessary, place some spacers between the last panel and the wall to keep the planks together during the curing time of the glue.
IMPORTANT: A minimum amount of adhesive can be used on the end joint between the tongue and groove. During Installation, immediately wipe any adhesive from the floor’s surface.